Skiing the Cascade Volcanoes
        Amar Andalkar's Ski Mountaineering and Climbing Site
Ski Mountaineering Photos & Trip Reports Equipment & Info Cascade Volcanoes Ring of Fire Site Map

Table of Contents | Introduction | Ratings | WebCams | Bibliography | Highest Volcanoes | Snowfall & Snowdepth | Monthly Chart | Conifers | Compare | Distance | Sun Chart
CALIFORNIA
  Lassen Peak
  Mount Shasta
  Medicine Lake Volcano
OREGON
  Mount McLoughlin
  Pelican Butte
  Crater Lake
  Mount Bailey
  Mount Thielsen
  Diamond Peak
  Newberry Volcano
  Mount Bachelor
  Broken Top
  Three Sisters
  Mount Washington
  Three Fingered Jack
  Mount Jefferson
  Mount Hood
WASHINGTON
  Mount Saint Helens
  Mount Adams
  Goat Rocks
  Mount Rainier
  Glacier Peak
  Mount Baker
BRITISH COLUMBIA
  Mount Garibaldi
  Mount Cayley
  Mount Meager



| Lassen Peak from the northeast in June; the Northeast Bowl
descends from the summit into the Devastated Area below,
which was flattened by a pyroclastic flow during the 1915 eruption
(photo by Amar Andalkar)   <click to enlarge>

Lassen Peak
    10457 ft (3187 m) .
Major Peaks:
Lassen Peak:     10457 ft (3187 m)
Brokeoff Mountain:     9235 ft (2815 m)
Eagle Peak:     9222 ft (2811 m)
Mount Diller:     9087 ft (2770 m)
Location: Cascade Range, northern California,
50 miles (80 km) E of Redding
Lat / Long: 40.5° N, 121.5° W
Volcanic Type: Eroded stratovolcano + dacite plug dome
Volcanic Status: Active, last eruptions 1914-1921
First Ascent: Grover K. Godfrey, 1851
First Ski Descent:
Skiable Vertical: up to 5000 ft (1500 m)
Lift Served Vertical:   600 ft (180 m) at former ski area at Lassen Chalet
Timberline: 8500-9000 ft (2600-2750 m)
Administration: Lassen Volcanic National Park
Protection Status:   Lassen Volcanic Wilderness covers all areas except park road
User Fees: National Park entrance fee (or National Parks Pass)

    Lassen Peak is the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range, located in northern California halfway between Lake Tahoe and the Oregon border. Prior to Mount Saint Helens in 1980, Lassen was the last volcano in the continental U.S. to erupt, with a major series of eruptions starting in 1914 and continuing sporadically until 1921. Lassen is one of the largest plug domes in the world, a massive block of dacite lava extruded up from the shattered remains of the collapsed Mount Tehama stratovolcano. Brokeoff Mountain and Mount Diller are the highest remnants of this formerly 11000 ft (3400 m) progenitor volcano, the bulk of which was eroded away by repeated glaciations during the past several hundred-thousand years. The active hydrothermal features of Sulphur Works and Bumpass Hell provide evidence that magma still underlies this area.
    Lassen Volcanic National Park receives some of the heaviest snowfalls in California during the winter and spring, with the snowpack often building 20-25 feet (6-8 m) deep near Lake Helen, just south of Lassen Peak. Despite this, Lassen's southern latitude and modest elevation prevent the formation of glaciers, with only a few small permanent snowfields lasting through the hot summers. However, the Lassen Park Road allows easy access to a variety of fine ski routes throughout winter, spring, and into early summer. The road is easily skied in winter, and as plowing of the road progresses in spring, the distance to the summit shortens significantly.

Route Ratings Starting
Elevation
Elevation
Gain/Loss
Roundtrip
Distance
Notes
Quality Effort Ascent Descent
Lassen Peak Summit Ski Mountaineering Routes:  
South / Southeast Face
  (late spring access from
   Lassen Peak Trailhead)

3.0
8500 ft
(2600 m)
2000 ft
(600 m)
3 miles
(5 km)
This route follows the snowcovered hiking trail to the summit of Lassen Peak. In late spring and summer, when the park road is open to its 8500 ft high point, this is one of the shortest and easiest summit routes on any of the Cascade volcanoes. Several variations are skiable from the summit, to the southwest, south, and southeast. In winter, the lower portion of the route follows the road from Lassen Chalet, the former site of a small ski area near the southwest entrance of the the park. Using the Sulphur Works Cutoff trail shortens the road skiing by 2 miles.
  (winter access from
   Lassen Chalet)

7.0
6750 ft
(2050 m)
3700 ft
(1100 m)
13 miles
(21 km)
Northeast Face
  (late spring access
   from Emigrant Pass)


6.0

option
for
6450 ft
(1950 m)
4000 ft
(1200 m)
8 miles
(13 km)
This is an exceptional route by any standard, with ideal access in spring and a magnificent, steep ski line dropping directly off the summit. The Park Service begins plowing the road from Manzanita Lake to Emigrant Pass in late March or early April (depending on snowpack), which when completed allows for very short access. The route proceeds directly through the Devastated Area, the path of a major pyroclastic flow in 1915 which is now slowly recovering its tree cover, and then follows steep snowfields in a straight line to the summit, steepening to about 45 degrees in the final few hundred feet. Somewhat less steep lines can be found by angling left or right just before the final pitch. (See my ski trip report from June 1999.)
  (winter access from
   Manzanita Lake)

13.0
5750 ft
(1750 m)
5300 ft
(1600 m)
-600 ft
(-200 m)
28 miles
(45 km)
Southeast Face
  (from Emigrant Pass)

6.0
6450 ft
(1950 m)
4000 ft
(1200 m)
9 miles
(14 km)
These routes are two possible variations from the direct Northeast Face route. Both are considerably less steep, but somewhat longer and more circuitous. It is also possible to ski up these routes (especially the Southeast Face) all the way to the summit, allowing the interesting possibility of a loop trip by then descending via the steeper Northeast Face.
North Ridge
  (from Emigrant Pass)

6.0
6450 ft
(1950 m)
4000 ft
(1200 m)
9 miles
(14 km)
North Ridge
  (from Manzanita Lake)


8.5
5750 ft
(1750 m)
4700 ft
(1450 m)
15 miles
(24 km)
Winter access to the northern side of Lassen Peak begins from the Manzanita Lake Entrance in the northwest corner of the park. The North Ridge can be reached by skiing the park road east to Chaos Jumbles, then turning southeast and traversing up along the west edge of Chaos Crags. Another route follows the Manzanita Creek Ski Trail southeast, starting from just past the entrance station. This leads to the headwaters of the creek just below Crescent Cliffs, which can be passed by gentler slopes to their north. The open west slope leads to the summit, while just southeast lies the Eagle Peak Saddle and the summit trail parking lot.
West / Southwest Face
  (via Manzanita Creek)

8.0
5750 ft
(1750 m)
4700 ft
(1450 m)
14 miles
(22 km)
Summit Traverse
  (from Lassen Chalet
    to Manzanita Lake)

7.5
6750 ft
(2050 m)
3700 ft
(1100 m)
-4700 ft
(1450 m)
14 miles
(22 km)
Several traverse routes are regularly done across Lassen Park. It is easiest to start at the south end, since Lassen Chalet is 1000 ft higher than Manzanita Lake. After skiing up the road to the summit trail parking lot, the traverse can proceed directly over the summit and descend via either of the North Ridge or West Face. An easier traverse which avoids the summit passes though Eagle Peak Saddle into the Manzanita Creek drainage.
Other Ski Mountaineering Routes:  
Brokeoff Mountain
  (from Lassen Chalet)

4.0
6750 ft
(2050 m)
2500 ft
(750 m)
6 miles
(9 km)
Brokeoff Mountain is the second highest summit in the park, with the sheer cliffs of its north side presenting a spectacularly rugged profile from the park road. Contrary to its name, the mountain did not form in a sudden collapse, but by the steady erosion of glaciers in the north side cirque, the same forces which leveled the rest of the Tehama stratovolcano over the ages. Despite the forbidding northern aspect, the southern slopes present a moderate ski ascent and descent with rapid access even throughout the winter from Lassen Chalet.
Mount Diller
  (from Lassen Chalet)

4.0
6750 ft
(2050 m)
2300 ft
(700 m)
6 miles
(10 km)
Mount Diller is another somewhat craggy remnant of Tehama, which is easily reached on skis from the south entrance. A longer route is a complete traverse of the entire Southwest Ridge, which extends from Mount Diller through Pilot Pinnacle, Ski Heil Peak, Eagle Peak, and on to the summit of Lassen Peak itself. A loop trip can be done by retuning via the Lassen Park Road, which avoids the reascents needed to return along the ridge
Southwest Ridge Traverse
  (loop from Lassen Chalet
    to Eagle Peak Saddle)

6.5
6750 ft
(2050 m)
3700 ft
(1100 m)
-1200 ft
(-350 m)
11 miles
(18 km)


| Topographic map of Lassen Peak
showing ski routes listed in table above
<click map to enlarge, 270 kB file>

| View of the south side of Lassen Peak from the park road
near Lake Helen in June; the summit trail ascends near the
right skyline, with the Southeast Face just out of sight beyond
(photo by Amar Andalkar) <click to enlarge>


Useful Web Links:

Lassen Volcanic National Park
Lassen Volcanic National Park: In-Depth Home Page
National Weather Service Office: Sacramento, CA
National Weather Service: Lassen Zone Forecast
The Weather Channel: Lassen Volcanic National Park, CA, Forecast
USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory: Lassen


List of Guidebooks:  (detailed references on the bibliography page)

Ski Tours in Lassen Volcanic National Park Many routes (detailed skiing and access info)
50 Classic Backcountry Ski Summits in CA Several routes(detailed skiing info)
Lassen Volcanic National Park and Vicinity All trails and roads(detailed hiking and access info)
Climbing the Cascade Volcanoes Summit trail(brief hiking info)


List of Maps:

Map Series Scale Topo? Map Names Year Notes
USGS 7.5-minute 1:24,000 Yes, 40 ft Lassen Peak
Reading Peak
West Prospect Peak
Manzanita Lake
1985
1985
1985
1995
Unfortunately, these maps are difficult to use,
  since Lassen Peak spans the corner of all four
Wilderness Press 1:62,500 Yes, 80 ft Lassen Volcanic Natl Park & Vicinity 1981 Excellent, well indexed and annotated;
  included with book of same title, listed above


More photos, routes, links, references, etc. coming soon...
Please contact me with any suggestions, additions, or corrections.


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Table of Contents | Introduction | Ratings | WebCams | Bibliography | Highest Volcanoes | Snowfall & Snowdepth | Monthly Chart | Conifers | Compare | Distance | Sun Chart
Ski Mountaineering Photos & Trip Reports Equipment & Info Cascade Volcanoes Ring of Fire Site Map

Amar Andalkar   Seattle, WA, USA   <About the Author / Contact Me>
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